Opening Prayer

Holy Spirit, as I open the Word today, prepare me to receive what you would teach me. I want to be changed, to be more in the likeness of my Savior.


Warning to Zedekiah

34 While Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and all his army and all the kingdoms and peoples in the empire he ruled were fighting against Jerusalem and all its surrounding towns, this word came to Jeremiah from the Lord: “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: Go to Zedekiah king of Judah and tell him, ‘This is what the Lord says: I am about to give this city into the hands of the king of Babylon, and he will burn it down. You will not escape from his grasp but will surely be captured and given into his hands. You will see the king of Babylon with your own eyes, and he will speak with you face to face. And you will go to Babylon.

“‘Yet hear the Lord’s promise to you, Zedekiah king of Judah. This is what the Lord says concerning you: You will not die by the sword; you will die peacefully. As people made a funeral fire in honor of your predecessors, the kings who ruled before you, so they will make a fire in your honor and lament, “Alas, master!” I myself make this promise, declares the Lord.’”

Then Jeremiah the prophet told all this to Zedekiah king of Judah, in Jerusalem, while the army of the king of Babylon was fighting against Jerusalem and the other cities of Judah that were still holding out—Lachish and Azekah. These were the only fortified cities left in Judah.

Freedom for Slaves

The word came to Jeremiah from the Lord after King Zedekiah had made a covenant with all the people in Jerusalem to proclaim freedom for the slaves. Everyone was to free their Hebrew slaves, both male and female; no one was to hold a fellow Hebrew in bondage. 10 So all the officials and people who entered into this covenant agreed that they would free their male and female slaves and no longer hold them in bondage. They agreed, and set them free. 11 But afterward they changed their minds and took back the slaves they had freed and enslaved them again.

12 Then the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah: 13 “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: I made a covenant with your ancestors when I brought them out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. I said, 14 ‘Every seventh year each of you must free any fellow Hebrews who have sold themselves to you. After they have served you six years, you must let them go free.’[a] Your ancestors, however, did not listen to me or pay attention to me. 15 Recently you repented and did what is right in my sight: Each of you proclaimed freedom to your own people. You even made a covenant before me in the house that bears my Name. 16 But now you have turned around and profaned my name; each of you has taken back the male and female slaves you had set free to go where they wished. You have forced them to become your slaves again.

17 “Therefore this is what the Lord says: You have not obeyed me; you have not proclaimed freedom to your own people. So I now proclaim ‘freedom’ for you, declares the Lord—‘freedom’ to fall by the sword, plague and famine. I will make you abhorrent to all the kingdoms of the earth. 18 Those who have violated my covenant and have not fulfilled the terms of the covenant they made before me, I will treat like the calf they cut in two and then walked between its pieces. 19 The leaders of Judah and Jerusalem, the court officials, the priests and all the people of the land who walked between the pieces of the calf, 20 I will deliver into the hands of their enemies who want to kill them. Their dead bodies will become food for the birds and the wild animals.

21 “I will deliver Zedekiah king of Judah and his officials into the hands of their enemies who want to kill them, to the army of the king of Babylon, which has withdrawn from you. 22 I am going to give the order, declares the Lord, and I will bring them back to this city. They will fight against it, take it and burn it down. And I will lay waste the towns of Judah so no one can live there.”


  1. Jeremiah 34:14 Deut. 15:12

New International Version (NIV)Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.


‘Speak, Lord, for your servant is listening.’1 May we learn to obey God’s Word to us.

Think Further

Two things from Israel’s history can clarify this chapter. First, the legislation for a sabbatical year.2 The law recognized that people who had fallen into debt could deal with their debts by committing to work for a neighbor until they were extinguished. The sabbatical year, which Israel had agreed to when they entered a covenant with God, provided for the release of these debt slaves every seven years, with any remaining debt cancelled. Second, a covenant ceremony sometimes involved the parties to the covenant bisecting an animal and walking between the pieces, agreeing to be similarly bisected if they broke the covenant.3

Although the people of Judah had not been in the habit of freeing their debt slaves, a time did come when King Zedekiah and the people made a covenant to do so (v 8), probably sealing the covenant by bisecting a calf (vs 18,19). They freed their slaves, but afterward changed their minds and enslaved them again. God had something to say about that. In 588 BC Nebuchadnezzar had temporarily withdrawn from his siege of Jerusalem. God announced that he was about to bring him back (v 22). Moreover, in a characteristic play on words, Jeremiah announced that because they had not released their slaves, God was going to release them – to the sword, plague, and famine. Jerusalem and Judah would face certain destruction.

Nebuchadnezzar’s siege might have been the reason why the people freed their slaves. ‘Perhaps God will see our faithfulness and save us,’ they may have said. Nebuchadnezzar’s withdrawal may have caused them to change their minds and take back their slaves. I speculate, of course. But, which one of us has not made promises to God when things are bad, only to renege on those promises when things improve?


Ask God to search your heart to see if there are commitments you have made that you have not kept. Can you commit to keep them?

Closing prayer

Gracious God, as I seek to serve you, I ask for wisdom. Help me to be sensitive to your leading in reaching out to others, to speak those things you would have me say, and to listen and hear with your heart.

Last Updated on November 9, 2023 by kingstar

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