Opening Prayer

Mighty God, thank you for the freedom that is mine in Christ. Use me to share that freedom with others.

Read 2 SAMUEL 5

David Becomes King Over Israel

5 All the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and said, “We are your own flesh and blood. In the past, while Saul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel on their military campaigns. And the Lord said to you, ‘You will shepherd my people Israel, and you will become their ruler.’”

When all the elders of Israel had come to King David at Hebron, the king made a covenant with them at Hebron before the Lord, and they anointed David king over Israel.

David was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years. In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned over all Israel and Judah thirty-three years.

David Conquers Jerusalem

The king and his men marched to Jerusalem to attack the Jebusites, who lived there. The Jebusites said to David, “You will not get in here; even the blind and the lame can ward you off.” They thought, “David cannot get in here.” Nevertheless, David captured the fortress of Zion—which is the City of David.

On that day David had said, “Anyone who conquers the Jebusites will have to use the water shaft to reach those ‘lame and blind’ who are David’s enemies.[a]” That is why they say, “The ‘blind and lame’ will not enter the palace.”

David then took up residence in the fortress and called it the City of David. He built up the area around it, from the terraces[b] inward. 10 And he became more and more powerful, because the Lord God Almighty was with him.

11 Now Hiram king of Tyre sent envoys to David, along with cedar logs and carpenters and stonemasons, and they built a palace for David. 12 Then David knew that the Lord had established him as king over Israel and had exalted his kingdom for the sake of his people Israel.

13 After he left Hebron, David took more concubines and wives in Jerusalem, and more sons and daughters were born to him. 14 These are the names of the children born to him there: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon, 15 Ibhar, Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia, 16 Elishama, Eliada and Eliphelet.

David Defeats the Philistines

17 When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over Israel, they went up in full force to search for him, but David heard about it and went down to the stronghold. 18 Now the Philistines had come and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim; 19 so David inquired of the Lord, “Shall I go and attack the Philistines? Will you deliver them into my hands?”

The Lord answered him, “Go, for I will surely deliver the Philistines into your hands.”

20 So David went to Baal Perazim, and there he defeated them. He said, “As waters break out, the Lord has broken out against my enemies before me.” So that place was called Baal Perazim.[c] 21 The Philistines abandoned their idols there, and David and his men carried them off.

22 Once more the Philistines came up and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim; 23 so David inquired of the Lord, and he answered, “Do not go straight up, but circle around behind them and attack them in front of the poplar trees. 24 As soon as you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the poplar trees, move quickly, because that will mean the Lord has gone out in front of you to strike the Philistine army.” 25 So David did as the Lord commanded him, and he struck down the Philistines all the way from Gibeon[d] to Gezer.


  1. 2 Samuel 5:8 Or are hated by David
  2. 2 Samuel 5:9 Or the Millo
  3. 2 Samuel 5:20 Baal Perazim means the lord who breaks out.
  4. 2 Samuel 5:25 Septuagint (see also 1 Chron. 14:16); Hebrew Geba

New International Version (NIV)Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.


Praise him, because even today after generations of faithfulness, God has not changed and is here. ‘Lord, you have been our dwelling-place throughout all generations.’1

Think Further

Long ago, I left theological college with a heart on fire for Jesus and my new church – and with the arrogance of assuming ‘it’s all right now, church, I’ve arrived!’ Much of that was the naivety of new beginnings, together with a great passion for God and a desire to see his kingdom come and people saved. However, although God had called and partly equipped me, he did not need me to bring his plan to fruition. More than anything I could ever achieve, he wanted a relationship with me.

Today, as we encounter this principle in David’s life, it’s easy to see, first, only David’s achievements: the anointed king, the conquering of Jerusalem for his capital, the enemy defeated. This, however, would be to miss seeing the true King over all. God doesn’t call David ‘king’: he calls him ‘shepherd’ and the ruler of his people Israel (v 2). They are God’s people and they are the ones who can anoint David king, but God is the King of Kings and David knew that (v 12). David was to continue as shepherd, for God had anointed and positioned him, as he had Saul.

Saul may have ruled for 42 years, David for 40, yet whose legacy was most prominent? David grew in power because God was with him (v 10), the relationship was fostered in psalmist as well as soldier (something Saul had abandoned). David humbly honored that relationship above all others. God had once again used his servants on earth to bring his people back together. This is not about making a king but uniting the fractured fragments: ‘All the tribes of Israel came’ (v 1). Our God is always seeking to restore and bring his people into unity and loving relationship as family with him, the true Shepherd King.


Do we see our worth as being in actions or ministry, rather than in the loving relationship we have? Commit your life again into God’s hands.

Closing prayer

Almighty God, there is nothing too hard for you. Help me to trust you, whatever my circumstances, and to encourage others with the truth of who you are.

Last Updated on July 4, 2023 by kingstar

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