Opening Prayer

Lord Jesus, you are not only the way to God, and the life in God, but you are the truth about God. I trust in you.


The Silver Trumpets

10 The Lord said to Moses: “Make two trumpets of hammered silver, and use them for calling the community together and for having the camps set out. When both are sounded, the whole community is to assemble before you at the entrance to the tent of meeting. If only one is sounded, the leaders—the heads of the clans of Israel—are to assemble before you. When a trumpet blast is sounded, the tribes camping on the east are to set out. At the sounding of a second blast, the camps on the south are to set out. The blast will be the signal for setting out. To gather the assembly, blow the trumpets, but not with the signal for setting out.

“The sons of Aaron, the priests, are to blow the trumpets. This is to be a lasting ordinance for you and the generations to come. When you go into battle in your own land against an enemy who is oppressing you, sound a blast on the trumpets. Then you will be remembered by the Lord your God and rescued from your enemies. 10 Also at your times of rejoicing—your appointed festivals and New Moon feasts—you are to sound the trumpets over your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, and they will be a memorial for you before your God. I am the Lord your God.”

The Israelites Leave Sinai

11 On the twentieth day of the second month of the second year, the cloud lifted from above the tabernacle of the covenant law. 12 Then the Israelites set out from the Desert of Sinai and traveled from place to place until the cloud came to rest in the Desert of Paran. 13 They set out, this first time, at the Lord’s command through Moses.

14 The divisions of the camp of Judah went first, under their standard. Nahshon son of Amminadab was in command. 15 Nethanel son of Zuar was over the division of the tribe of Issachar, 16 and Eliab son of Helon was over the division of the tribe of Zebulun. 17 Then the tabernacle was taken down, and the Gershonites and Merarites, who carried it, set out.

18 The divisions of the camp of Reuben went next, under their standard. Elizur son of Shedeur was in command. 19 Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai was over the division of the tribe of Simeon, 20 and Eliasaph son of Deuel was over the division of the tribe of Gad. 21 Then the Kohathites set out, carrying the holy things. The tabernacle was to be set up before they arrived.

22 The divisions of the camp of Ephraim went next, under their standard. Elishama son of Ammihud was in command. 23 Gamaliel son of Pedahzur was over the division of the tribe of Manasseh, 24 and Abidan son of Gideoni was over the division of the tribe of Benjamin.

25 Finally, as the rear guard for all the units, the divisions of the camp of Dan set out under their standard. Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai was in command. 26 Pagiel son of Okran was over the division of the tribe of Asher, 27 and Ahira son of Enan was over the division of the tribe of Naphtali. 28 This was the order of march for the Israelite divisions as they set out.

29 Now Moses said to Hobab son of Reuel the Midianite, Moses’ father-in-law, “We are setting out for the place about which the Lord said, ‘I will give it to you.’ Come with us and we will treat you well, for the Lord has promised good things to Israel.”

30 He answered, “No, I will not go; I am going back to my own land and my own people.”

31 But Moses said, “Please do not leave us. You know where we should camp in the wilderness, and you can be our eyes. 32 If you come with us, we will share with you whatever good things the Lord gives us.”

33 So they set out from the mountain of the Lord and traveled for three days. The ark of the covenant of the Lord went before them during those three days to find them a place to rest. 34 The cloud of the Lord was over them by day when they set out from the camp.

35 Whenever the ark set out, Moses said,

“Rise up, Lord!
    May your enemies be scattered;
    may your foes flee before you.”

36 Whenever it came to rest, he said,

“Return, Lord,
    to the countless thousands of Israel.”

New International Version (NIV)Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.


Give thanks to the Lord for the variety of life – times to stay and times to go.

Think Further

The Israelites have been eleven months at Sinai and made little progress toward the Promised Land of Canaan. Now they are to move forward, but first they need musical instruments to summon the people to action. Silver trumpets (v 2) are an addition to other instruments that the Israelites already have, such as Miriam’s tambourine1 and the shofar (ram’s horn).2 We find trumpets in the lists of instruments in Psalm 150, but silver trumpets are not often mentioned in the Old Testament. The Greek translation for these trumpets carries over into the New Testament and we hear the trumpet that summons us to bodily resurrection life – our reaching the true Promised Land.3

When we are settled for a long time in one place it is easy to forget that we are a pilgrim people. Some of us may be slow to move, but others have itchy feet and love moving. We may not have a cloud over a tabernacle, but the pattern set here of moving when God calls you to move and remaining otherwise is a good principle of life. Sometimes, like the Israelites, we need God’s rebuke for staying too long in one place and not heeding his call to move forward.4 They, and we, make a short journey as the covenant people of God with a final destination in view. No longer just escaped slaves, but a kingdom of priests.

The final verses are separated from the rest of the text. They present Moses’ words on setting out on a journey and arriving at his destination. He wants to have the Lord’s presence with him at all times and knows that, without God, Israel will be overwhelmed by her enemies. And it is not just in journeying that they need that presence, but when resting as well.


Compose a Christian version of verses 35 and 36 for your own journeys.

Closing prayer

Gracious God, as I journey through the ups and downs of life, I thank you for your enduring presence with me. Enable me to keep my eyes on Jesus, my only hope.

Last Updated on January 30, 2023 by kingstar

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