Opening Prayer

As I come to your Word today, Holy God, I lift up the rulers of the great nations of the world before you. Pour out your grace and mercy; turn minds and hearts to you.


Judah to Serve Nebuchadnezzar

27 Early in the reign of Zedekiah[a] son of Josiah king of Judah, this word came to Jeremiah from the Lord: This is what the Lord said to me: “Make a yoke out of straps and crossbars and put it on your neck. Then send word to the kings of Edom, Moab, Ammon, Tyre and Sidon through the envoys who have come to Jerusalem to Zedekiah king of Judah. Give them a message for their masters and say, ‘This is what the Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says: “Tell this to your masters: With my great power and outstretched arm I made the earth and its people and the animals that are on it, and I give it to anyone I please. Now I will give all your countries into the hands of my servant Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon; I will make even the wild animals subject to him. All nations will serve him and his son and his grandson until the time for his land comes; then many nations and great kings will subjugate him.

“‘“If, however, any nation or kingdom will not serve Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon or bow its neck under his yoke, I will punish that nation with the sword, famine and plague, declares the Lord, until I destroy it by his hand. So do not listen to your prophets, your diviners, your interpreters of dreams, your mediums or your sorcerers who tell you, ‘You will not serve the king of Babylon.’ 10 They prophesy lies to you that will only serve to remove you far from your lands; I will banish you and you will perish. 11 But if any nation will bow its neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon and serve him, I will let that nation remain in its own land to till it and to live there, declares the Lord.”’”

12 I gave the same message to Zedekiah king of Judah. I said, “Bow your neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon; serve him and his people, and you will live. 13 Why will you and your people die by the sword, famine and plague with which the Lord has threatened any nation that will not serve the king of Babylon? 14 Do not listen to the words of the prophets who say to you, ‘You will not serve the king of Babylon,’ for they are prophesying lies to you. 15 ‘I have not sent them,’ declares the Lord. ‘They are prophesying lies in my name. Therefore, I will banish you and you will perish, both you and the prophets who prophesy to you.’”

16 Then I said to the priests and all these people, “This is what the Lord says: Do not listen to the prophets who say, ‘Very soon now the articles from the Lord’s house will be brought back from Babylon.’ They are prophesying lies to you. 17 Do not listen to them. Serve the king of Babylon, and you will live. Why should this city become a ruin? 18 If they are prophets and have the word of the Lord, let them plead with the Lord Almighty that the articles remaining in the house of the Lord and in the palace of the king of Judah and in Jerusalem not be taken to Babylon. 19 For this is what the Lord Almighty says about the pillars, the bronze Sea, the movable stands and the other articles that are left in this city, 20 which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon did not take away when he carried Jehoiachin[b] son of Jehoiakim king of Judah into exile from Jerusalem to Babylon, along with all the nobles of Judah and Jerusalem— 21 yes, this is what the Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says about the things that are left in the house of the Lord and in the palace of the king of Judah and in Jerusalem: 22 ‘They will be taken to Babylon and there they will remain until the day I come for them,’ declares the Lord. ‘Then I will bring them back and restore them to this place.’”


  1. Jeremiah 27:1 A few Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac (see also 27:3,12 and 28:1); most Hebrew manuscripts Jehoiakim (Most Septuagint manuscripts do not have this verse.)
  2. Jeremiah 27:20 Hebrew Jeconiah, a variant of Jehoiachin

New International Version (NIV)Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.


“Jesus answered, ‘I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.’”1 Exercise this privilege today.

Think Further

Three times in this chapter Jeremiah tells his hearers not to listen to the false prophets. The events took place between Nebuchadnezzar’s first invasion of Jerusalem, when he confiscated some of the implements of worship from the temple (597 BC), and the siege when temple and city were destroyed and the population exiled (587 BC). Holladay suggests the possibility of a rebellion against Nebuchadnezzar around 594 BC and dates the chapter then.2 The false prophets were suggesting that those implements of worship would soon be returned and the exile would not happen (vs 9,14,16).

The Lord told Jeremiah to put a yoke on his neck to symbolize the yoke of Nebuchadnezzar3 and advise the ambassadors of the surrounding nations, Zedekiah, and the priests and the people that the Lord, the Creator of all, gives authority to whomever he pleases. He had given authority and power to Nebuchadnezzar his servant. Judah and the surrounding nations would be subject to him until God handed his kingdom over to others and restored his people to their land.

We can read this chapter on two levels. The first level concerns the history of God’s Old Testament people. When God had promised to give them the land, he also announced that rebellion would result in exile.4 God was using Nebuchadnezzar to bring that about. This was a message that needed to be heard, and the false prophets had muted it. The other level is a reminder that God is involved in the affairs of the nations. He was then and he is now. The so-called superpowers are subject to God, who does what pleases him.


Ask God to give us courage in the face of a world that sometimes seems out of control.

Closing prayer

Thank you, Lord God, for the yoke you offer is infinitely better than any the world can impose (Matthew 11:28-30).

Last Updated on October 31, 2023 by kingstar

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